Joan Miro

Joan Miró was born in Barcelona in 1893. Although he was drawn to art, he yielded to his parents’ pressure to study business and took a job as a clerk. Two years later, however, Miró suffered a nervous breakdown. His parents therefore relented and allowed him to enroll in La Longa School of Fine Arts in Barcelona. Miró had his first individual exhibition in the Dalmau Galleries in 1918. In 1921, Miró moved to Paris, where he exhibited at La Licorne Gallery the same year.

The twenties found Miró involved in the Surrealist circle. He officially joined the group in 1924 and was subsequently exhibited in the first SUrrealist exhibition at the Galerie Pierre in Paris the following year. His paintings from 1925-1928 show great Surrealist influences. Works such as the “dream pictures” used brilliant colors combined with simple figures in order to depict nature through a child’s eye and hand. As time progressed, however, Miró became interested in other mediums, such as collage. In 1929-1930, Miró frequently experimented with new mediums, producting many surrealist sculptures. He also tried his hand at engraving, lithography, watercolors, pastels and painting over copper.

As a result of the Civil War, Miró abandoned his part-time residence of Spain in 1936, to live year-round in Paris. His career that year, however, was on the rise, and Miró found himself included in the Cubism & Abstract Art and Fantastic Art, Dada and Surrealism at teh Museum of Modern Art in New York. He also exhibited in the 1937 World’s Fair in Paris.

From 1940-1948, Miró returned to Spain, working on ceramics, sculptures and murals. The years that followed held a variety of prestigious events for him, commencing with his reception of the Grand Prize for Graphic Work at the 1954 Venice Biennale. A few years later, Miró installed two ceramic murals in the UNESCO building in Paris, entited The Wall of the Moon and The Wall of the Sun, 1957-1959. Retrospectives followed this installation, such as one in 1962 at the Musée National d’Art Moderne, Paris and another in 1974 at the Grand Palais in Paris. The Joan Miró Foundation Centre of Contemporary Art Study in Barcelona was founded two years later.

Miro passed away in Palma de Mallorca, Spain on December 25, 1983.